Description of Perm Catheter:
A permcath or permanent catheter is a medical device that is inserted into a patient's body to provide long-term access to their blood vessels. Permcaths are commonly used in patients who require frequent hemodialysis or chemotherapy, as well as for the administration of medication or fluids. In this article, we will explore the features, benefits, and uses of permcaths, as well as the different types available, pricing, and top brands and models.
What is a Perm Catheter:
A perm catheter, also known as a tunneled catheter, is a type of catheter that is inserted through the skin and into a vein. The catheter is typically inserted into the internal jugular vein, subclavian vein, or femoral vein, and then tunneled under the skin to exit at a different location. Permcaths are designed to remain in place for an extended period, ranging from several months to several years, depending on the patient's medical condition.
Types of Perm Catheter:
There are two main types of permcaths: cuffed and non-cuffed. Cuffed permcaths have a cuff or collar near the end of the catheter that sits just outside the exit site. The cuff helps to anchor the catheter in place and prevents bacteria from entering the bloodstream. Non-cuffed permcaths do not have a cuff and are less commonly used.
Perm Catheter Uses:
Permcaths are used for a variety of medical procedures, including:
- Hemodialysis: Permcaths are commonly used in patients who require frequent hemodialysis, which involves removing waste and excess fluids from the bloodstream using a dialysis machine.
- Chemotherapy: Permcaths are used in cancer patients who require chemotherapy. The catheter provides direct access to the bloodstream, making it easier to administer medication.
- Blood transfusions: Permcaths can also be used for blood transfusions, which involve transferring blood or blood products from one person to another.
- Parenteral nutrition: Permcaths are used in patients who require long-term intravenous feeding, also known as parenteral nutrition.
- Medication administration: Permcaths are used to administer medication, such as antibiotics or pain medication, directly into the bloodstream.
Features and Benefits of Perm Catheters:
Permcaths offer several features and benefits, including:
- Long-term access: Permcaths provide long-term access to the bloodstream, making it easier to administer medication or perform medical procedures.
- Easy to use: Permcaths are easy to use and require minimal maintenance, making them an ideal option for patients who require frequent medical procedures.
- Reduced infection risk: Cuffed permcaths are designed to reduce the risk of infection by preventing bacteria from entering the bloodstream.
- Versatile: Permcaths can be used for a variety of medical procedures, including hemodialysis, chemotherapy, blood transfusions, parenteral nutrition, and medication administration.
- Reduced discomfort: Permcaths are designed to be comfortable for patients, and many patients report little to no discomfort during the insertion procedure.
Price of Perm Catheters:
The cost of permcaths can vary depending on the type of catheter, the brand, and the location where it is being inserted. On average, the cost of a permcath ranges from INR 50k to INR 1.5 lakh. Some insurance plans may cover the cost of a permcath, but patients should check with their insurance provider to confirm coverage.